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US Census Records


Gallia County

African American Census

This is a project done as part of Black History Month in February 2012. It was extracted from the US Census for Gallia County for the years 1820, 1830, and 1840.

Full Gallia County 1820 Census

Page 1
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Page 5
A - C
D - G
H - M
N - R
S - Z

     This Census of Gallia County was subscribed by David Boggs, Assistant to the Marshall of Ohio, in August of 1820. The transcription on the following pages was taken from a microfilm of the original, which was part of the records of the Bureau of the Census in the National Archives. The 1820 Personal Property Tax List is lost, and this census more than adequately fills that gap.
     A blank 1820 census extraction form can be accessed by clicking on this link: Census Form. The column for males includes a separate column for males from age 16-18. This is omitted in the column for females, but in this census some of the entries for Springfield Township apparently also include this data, so you will notice six columns for females for those entries, which is identical to the male data. Also on the original were eight columns labeled “Free Coulured People.” On this transcription, [coulured] follows the Head of Household name. These people had 4 age groups for the Males & four identical age groups for the Females as follows:

1 st Column: Under 14 years of age
2 nd Column: Of 14 and under 26 years of age
3 rd Column: Of 26 and under 45 years of age
4 th Column: Of 45 and upwards

[+] Indicates households with unnamed “Free Coulured People.”

     Also, on the original census, there were eight age group columns for “Slaves.” There was only one slave indicated on the entire census – a female of 45 years & upward, living with Nathaniel Gates. This may have been a slip of the pen, since slavery was forbidden by the Northwest Ordinance in 1787. Slaveowners who moved to Ohio often brought their former slaves along with them, where they continued to live under their similar conditions.
     This Census was very difficult to transcribe, as the handwriting was very difficult to read, and many names were obviously misspelled. In some cases where there was more than one way to interpret what a name actually was, an alternate spelling was provided in brackets [ ].